Caution ahead: Gender under construction

Is father involvement a social construct that changes with time?

December 20, 2006 | by Peter Jon Mitchell , Senior Researcher, Institute of Marriage and Family Canada
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  1. Sara Ruddick as quoted in Doucet, A. (2006). Do Men Mother? Toronto: University of Toronto Press. p.107.
  2. Dubeau, D. (2002). Portraits of Fathers. Contemporary Family Trends. Ottawa: The Vanier Institute of the Family. P.7. [Electronic version] retrieved from
  3. Women Talk Three Times as Much as Men, Says Study (2006, November 27)
  4. Ibid.
  5. Somerville, M. (2006). the Ethical Imagination. Toronto: House of Anansi Press. p.99.
  6. Ibid., p.104.
  7. Evidence for a New Type of Environmental Inheritance. Paternal ancestors’ experiences can affect development, health and survival ALSPAC Press Release. Retrieved from
  8. McDevitt, N. (2006). The Nurture of Things. McGill Headway Vol. 2 No. 1 [Electronic version] Retrieved from
  9. How Do Fathers Fit In? Civitas: The Institute for the Study of Civil Society. London. Retrieved December 12, 2006
  10. Ibid.
  11. Breakdown Britain. (2006, December). Chairman Rt. Hon I. Duncan Smith. London: Social Justice Policy Group. [Electronic version] Retrieved from