Making babies in modern times

Does the concept of "intentional parenthood" objectify children? A new report takes a look

November 23, 2011 | by Derek Miedema , Researcher, Institute of Marriage and Family Canada
PDF:  Making babies in modern times


  1. Jha, A. (2005, May 20). Process holds out hope for childless couples, The Guardian. Retrieved October 13, 2011 from
  2. Stack. S, Eshleman, J.R. (1998, May). Marital status and happiness: A 17-nation study. Journal of Marriage and the Family. Vol. 60, no. 2, pp. 527-36; Dawson, D.A. (1991). Family structure and children's health and well-being: Data from the 1988 National Health Interview Survey on Child Health. Journal of Marriage and the Family. Vol. 53, no. 3, pp. 573-84; Popenoe, D. (1996). Life without father. (New York: Free Press); Stanton, G.T. (1997). Why marriage matters: Reasons to believe in marriage in postmodern society. Colorado Springs, Co: Pinon Press; Rohner, R.P., Veneziano, R. A. (2001, December). The importance of father love: History and contemporary evidence. Review of General Psychology. Vol. 5, no. 4, pp. 382-405; McLanahan, S., Sandefur, G. (1994). Growing up with a single parent: What hurts, what helps. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
  3. McLanahan and Sandefur, Growing Up with a Single Parent.
  4. Popenoe, Life without father; Stanton, Why marriage matters
    Putnam, F. (2003, March). Ten-year research update review: Child sexual abuse. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. Vol. 42, no. 3, pp. 269-79; Stiffman, M. et al. (2002, April). Household composition and risk of fatal child maltreatment. Pediatrics. Vol. 109, no. 4, pp. 615-21.
  5. CBC News. (2007, January). Ontario court says boy can have dad, mom and mom. Retrieved October 20, 2011 from
  6. See recent Canadian court case: